About Smart Specialisation
Constant investment in research and development (R&D) and innovation field is a must but the problem arises trying to decide on what areas the focus should be concentrated for the key results? With the approach of the new Multiannual Financial Framework (2014-2020) all EU members were obligated to formulate Research and Innovation Strategies for Smart Specialization (RIS3) which will guide further R&D and innovation system development in every member state.
The priorities of R&D and innovation development should be determined considering the business potential for excellence, the strengths in research, technological development and innovation, also a capacity to foster the collaboration among different stakeholders to respond to national, regional and global challenges.
It is important that all partners be fully involved in developing, implementing smart specialization strategies. Thus outlining the future perspectives of Lithuanian strategy would lead to R&D and innovation development, potential for excellence, competitive advantages.
The official and formal start of the Smart specialization preparation in Lithuania can be tracked back to 24 October 2012, when the Government of the Republic of Lithuania updated an existing resolution relating to “Integrated science, studies and business centres (Valleys)”.
The updated resolution aimed to:
- Foster innovative, hi-tech business and competitive economy;
- Identify national Priority development fields of R&D, studies and innovation and to deliver the priorities within these fields related to R&D potential;
- Implement joint research-business projects for development of Priority fields.
Ministry of Economy has prepared the Lithuanian Innovation Development Programme 2014-2020, which was approved by Resolution No 1281 of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania of 18 December 2013 and has replaced previous Lithuanian Innovation Development Strategy. The programme has four objectives:
- To develop innovative society by developing new knowledge and its application.
- To enhance innovation potential of business.
- To promote the cooperation creation of value networking, development and internationalization.
- To increase efficiency of innovation policy-making and implementation and promote innovation in the public sector.
This programme is linked to Smart specialisation as measures covered by the action plan of the programme will facilitate in promoting the established specific priorities of the smart specialisation area stimulating the competitiveness of the economy of Lithuania.
Broad R&D and innovation priority areas were approved on the 14th of October, 2013 by the Resolution of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania No 951 ‘Concerning approval of the priority areas of research and (socio-cultural) development and innovation (Smart Specialisation)‘.
The Programme on the Implementation of the Priority Areas of Research and (Socio-Cultural) Development and Innovation (Smart Specialisation) and their Priorities was approved on the 30th of April, 2014 by the Resolution of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania No 411.
The Programme was prepared with the aim to identify the specific R&D and innovation priorities of the research and (socio-cultural) development and innovation (Smart Specialisation) priority areas and to formulate the provisions for the implementation thereof. The Programme forms the basis for the smooth and effective development of the R&D and innovation priority areas by means of relevant instruments and coordination of actions of all institutions as well as stakeholders interested in the R&D and innovation development in order to encourage the transformation of national economy an d its competitiveness.
The strategic goal of the Programme is to increase the impact of high value added, knowledge-intensive and highly-qualified-labour-intensive economic activities on the GDP and structural changes of the economy by means of the R&D and innovation decisions.
The strategic goal includes the following objectives:
- create innovative technologies, products, processes and/or methods and, using the outputs of these activities, respond to global trends and long-term national challenges;
- increase competitiveness of Lithuanian legal entities and their opportunities for establishing in global markets – commercialization of knowledge created in the implementation of the R&D and innovation priorities as well as knowledge created in developing the R&D and innovation priority areas otherwise and using the unique synergy arising from the collaboration of science and businesses, economic entities and other public and private sector entities.
The implementation of the Programme is managed by a Group for the Coordination of Implementation of the Research and Development and Innovation Priorities formed by a joint order of the Minister of Education and Science and the Minister of the Economy. The Coordination Group is formed of representatives of the Office of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania, MoES, MoE, Ministry of Finance, other state institutions and business representatives and other socio-economic partners.
On strategic level, the RDI development (as well as the development of RDI Priority Areas) is managed by the Strategic Council for Research, Development and Innovation (‘the Strategic Council‘) formed by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania.
For the monitoring of the Smart Specialisation Programme and the implementation of the priorities and promoting collaboration between businesses, science and study institutions, a monitoring scheme has been prepared and approved by Ministry of Education and Science and Ministry of Economy.